The Bioeconomy in Latin America: opportunities for development and implications for policy and research
Read article published and written by Guy Henry, Jeanne Pahun and Eduardo Trigo
The bioeconomy, defined as the efficient use of biomass for the production of food, fiber, feed, energy and bioproducts, is an increasingly popular economic social and environmental development model. Proposed and promoted by international agencies such as the EC and OECD, it has been implemented in a variety of formats (but based on the same principles) and institutional levels, by individual countries, regions, cities and sectors throughout the world. Latin America, and pioneered by Brazil and Argentina, presents a very opportune mix of resources, conditions, policies and national objectives, translating in an increasing interest for adopting the bioeconomy model.
Today, bioeconomy research advances especially in the biotechnology and related areas, while large scale biomass transformations have significant societal, organizational and institutional consequences that invite a series of new questions, that typically are much more relevant for the political and social sciences. As such the new bioeconomy offers new research challenges at local, national, regional and international (trade) levels.